Dialysis is a procedure that is a substitute for many of the normal duties of the kidneys. Dialysis, as a regular treatment, was begun in 1960 and is now a standard treatment all around the world. Different dialysis treatments can be done in a hospital, in a dialysis center that is not part of a hospital, or at home. Dialysis is an artificial way to remove waste products and extra fluid from your blood when your kidneys can no longer do so on their own. The different dialysis treatments also helps your body maintain the proper acid-base balance. It may be used as long-term therapy for chronic kidney failure or as an interim measure before kidney transplantation. Interested readers can find more information about them at Pulse Vascular. You can learn more at Pulse Vascular.
Dialysis is an imperfect treatment to replace kidney function because it does not correct the endocrine functions of the kidney. The different dialysis treatments works on the principles of the diffusion and osmosis of solutes and fluid across a semipermeable membrane. This treatment does the following:removes waste, salt and extra water to prevent them from building up in the body,keeps a safe level of certain chemicals in your blood, such as potassium, sodium and bicarbonate,helps to control blood pressure. These different dialysis treatments uses special ways of accessing the blood in the blood vessels
The different dialysis treatments usually makes you feel better because it helps many of the problems caused by kidney failure. Dialysis can allow individuals to live productive and useful lives, even though their kidneys no longer work adequately. The solution, also known as dialysate, is the fluid in the dialyzer that helps remove wastes and extra fluid from your blood. The patients also must limit fluids because the treatment removes only a certain amount of water
Blood enters the kidney through the renal artery and contains particles of many different sizes, shapes, and polarity. As the blood flows by one side of a semipermeable membrane, and a dialysate or fluid flows by the opposite side. Blood is diverted from the access point in the body to a dialysis machine. Blood cells are too large to go through the membrane and are returned to the body. The blood is diverted from the access point in the patient’s body to a dialysis machine. Where it drains into the dialysis machine to be cleaned.
Kidneys process 18 gallons of blood each hour with a sophisticated method of excretion, absorption and re-absorption. It thens filters out waste products from the blood stream. Kidney patients receive heparin to prevent clotting of blood during the dialysis process. Now, the different dialysis treatments for failing kidneys can now be done at home thanks to a new portable machine. Kidney Research expects the number of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients to increase by about 5% annually.
Hemodialysis is the most common method used to treat advanced and permanent kidney failure. These treatments are typically given in a dialysis center three times per week (due in the US to Medicare reimbursement rules), however, as of 2007 over 2,000 people in the US are dialyzing at home more frequently for various treatment lengths. Hemodialysis Toxic materials are removed from blood as it is passed through a dialyzer. This procedure typically takes three to five hours and is needed three times a week. Hemodialysis uses acellulose-membrane tube that is immersed in a large volume of fluid.It requires a blood flow of 400-500 milliliters per minute (ml/min). This involves circulation of blood through a filter on a dialysis machine. Hemodialysis Artificial kidney machines have been developed that make use of dialysis to purify the blood of persons whose kidneys have ceased to function. And this procedure requires repeated access to the bloodstream.
Peritoneal dialysis is typically done in the patient’s home and workplace, but can be done almost anywhere; a clean area to work, a way to elevate the bag of dialysis fluid and a method of warming the fluid are all that is needed. This type of dialysis is less efficient than hemodialysis, but because it is carried out for a longer period of time the net effect in terms of removal of waste products and of salt and water are similar to hemodialysis. Peritoneal dialysis works on the principle that the peritoneal membrane that surrounds the intestine, can act as a natural semipermeable membrane, and that if a specially formulated dialysis fluid is instilled around the membrane then dialysis can occur, by diffusion. This form of dialysis filters waste using the peritoneal membrane inside the abdomen.
This form of treatment does not use an artificial membrane, but rather uses the lining of the patient’s abdominal cavity, known as the peritoneum, as a dialysis membrane. Peritoneal dialysis is better tolerated in people whose blood pressure fluctuates frequently between periods of high or normal pressure and periods of low blood pressure. This treatment can be performed at home, eliminating the need for travel to a hemodialysis center. It also offers much more freedom compared to hemodialysis since patients do not need to come to a dialysis center for their treatment.
This type treatment may be performed manually or by using a machine to perform the dialysis at night. By using this form of treatment it requires access to the peritoneum. This is done by inserting what is called a peritoneal catheter inside the body and having an exit site where the catheter hangs out for connecting to the machine.They may also be tunneled under the skin and exit alternate locations such as near the rib margin or sternum or even up near the clavicle. This procedure works by using the body’s peritoneal membrane, which is inside the abdomen, as a semi-permeable membrane.
Treatment for kidney failure is expensive, but Federal health insurance programs pay much of the cost, usually up to 80 percent. Treatment with dialysis is necessary when a person experiences kidney failure, usually when more than 95 percent of normal kidney function is gone in both kidneys.
Caregiving by family and friends of adults receiving dialysis is a big responsibility and job. You have to go through training and learn the procedures which to follow so as not to get the catheter or connectors contaminated. This could lead to peritonitus, which hurts like heck, or even death. Which has happened in some cases.
Researchers are exploring the different dialysis treatments to determine whether shorter daily sessions, or longer sessions performed overnight while the patient sleeps, are more effective in removing wastes.