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Surgery

Important Element about Surgery

The nurse would then take vital measurements, such as temperature, blood pressure and pulse rate. In particular, children at locations where intravenous lines are implanted at a later stage will also receive a plaster with numbing medication.Do you want to learn more? look at this now

The patient and his family members will then have a conversation with the anaesthetist that discusses the details of the next operation and conducts a further evaluation to ensure that the patient is fit for surgery, such as listening to the heart and lungs, palpating the stomach region, inspecting the throat and nose, and asking about real symptoms. The anaesthetist can also ask the patient if he has any anaesthesia and pain management requirements.

The patient or his or her parents will also be asked to sign an anaesthesia and surgery agreement. However, the legal conditions for explicit consent vary in various cultures. Consent is presumed in some cultures if objections are not raised at the initiative of the patient or the parents.

Technically, most operations may be done with the patient conscious and only with regional or local anaesthesia, except for breast surgery and a few others. Many hospitals, however have a strategy of using general anaesthesia for most adult surgeries and all children’s surgeries. Some may have a general local anaesthesia programme to keep costs down for some procedures. Some will ask the patient which form of anaesthesia he wants and if the patient requests it, some will turn to another type of anaesthesia than that of the policy.

The nurse will give the patient a premedication, usually a form of benzodiazepine such as midazolam (versed), if the anaesthetist has indicated green light for the operation to take place. The drug is generally administered as a drinking fluid. It is often received by children as drops in the nose or as an injection through the anus.